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Evidence from Resource 5 pieces of evidence from this resource.

Orlady, H.W. & Wheeler, W.A. (1989). Training for Advanced Cockpit Technology Aircraft. Moffett Field, CA: NASA Aviation Safety Reporting System.

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  2. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: "III. Transition Training Issues ... D. 'Differences' Training with 'Common Type' a. Is differences training (where the new aircraft is considered a 'common type' with a previous aircraft) adequate? ... '...In every case pilots report that a prolonged absence form the advanced technology aircraft results in a marked diminution of skill that has significantly greater adverse impact on their piloting proficiency than a similar absence from the cockpit of an older technology aircraft. This loss of proficiency is not necessarily associated with the manipulation of controls. It is directly related to the operation of the flight guidance systems of the aircraft.' (Dodge, 1988)" (page 21-22)
    Issue: automation skills may be lost (Issue #137) See Issue details
    Strength: +1
    Aircraft: unspecified
    Equipment: automation

  3.  
  4. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: The following is a comment from a pilot "when asked [in the Orlady study] if skill deterioration was more of a problem with ADVTECH aircraft than with other airplanes they had flown ... '[No] could be a problem but most pilots won't let it happen. I find it easier to forget programming skills than flying skills.'" (page 11)
    Issue: automation skills may be lost (Issue #137) See Issue details
    Strength: +1
    Aircraft: unspecified
    Equipment: automation

  5.  
  6. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: "One captain we interviewed ... explained that the maintenance of manual skills had indeed been a problem until his airline had moderated its policy regarding maximum use of the automatics. He said it is still a problem for low-time pilots, but in this case the problem is in the initial development of skills - not in the maintenance of skills that have already been developed. He said further, 'It's not their fault, but many of the new copilots have never had a chance to learn these skills and they don't have enough opportunity to practice.'" (page 4)
    Issue: manual skills may not be acquired (Issue #7) See Issue details
    Strength: +1
    Aircraft: unspecified
    Equipment: automation

  7.  
  8. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: "III. Transition Training Issues ... B. Sensitivity to Varying Pilot Needs ... a. Is training sensitive to the needs of pilot population that varies widely in such areas as total flight experience, airline experience, recency of last transition training, computer literacy, etc.? ... v 2 PC vs. 3PC Differences [One pilot in Orlady study made the following comment:] " 'Crew oordination is about the same as in any two-man crew.' " (page 14-18)
    Issue: crew coordination problems may occur (Issue #84) See Issue details
    Strength: -1
    Aircraft: unspecified
    Equipment: automation

  9.  
  10. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: "There is no question that pilots like these airplanes. (There was no exception here regardless of either flying experience or type of airline.)" (page 10)
    Issue: job satisfaction may be reduced (Issue #13) See Issue details
    Strength: -5
    Aircraft: unspecified
    Equipment: automation
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