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Evidence from Resource 9 pieces of evidence from this resource.

James, M., McClumpha, A., Green, R., Wilson, P., & Belyavin, A. (1991). Pilot attitudes to cockpit automation. In R.S. Jensen (Ed.), Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, Columbus, Ohio, April 1991, 192-198. Columbus, OH: The Ohio State University.

  1.  
  2. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: "The results of item one [Item one is a 5 point bi-polar statement: 1="Pilots who fly advanced automated aircraft have enhanced flying skills", 3 = neutral, and 5="Pilots who fly advanced automated aircraft have degraded flying skills", average response = 3.71, rating=percentage of respondents : 1=1%, 2=3%, 3=35%, 4=45%, 5=16%] reveal a firm belief that pilots who fly automated aircraft have degraded flying skills" (page 194-196)
    Issue: manual skills may be lost (Issue #65) See Issue details
    Strength: +3
    Aircraft: unspecified
    Equipment: automation

  3.  
  4. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: "... item five [Item five is a 5 point bi-polar statement: 1="Pilots of automated aircraft rely too heavily on the automatics", 3 = neutral, and 5="Pilots of automated aircraft don't rely enough on the automatics", average response = 2.34, rating=percentage of respondents : 1=16%, 2=44%, 3=31%, 4=8%, 5=1%] indicates the opinion that these pilots also rely too heavily on the automatics." (page 194-196)
    Issue: pilots may under-rely on automation (Issue #146) See Issue details
    Strength: +1
    Aircraft: unspecified
    Equipment: automation

  5.  
  6. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: Pilots responded to the 5 point bi-polar survey item number 2, in which "Younger pilots are better able to cope with automated aircraft" is 1 and "Older pilots are better able to cope with automated aircraft" is 5. The following are the approximate percentages of the pilot responses to this 5 point bi-polar item: 10%=1, 48%=2, 35%=3, 6%=4, and 1%=5. (page 194)
    Issue: older pilots may be less accepting of automation (Issue #132) See Issue details
    Strength: +1
    Aircraft: unspecified
    Equipment: automation

  7.  
  8. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: "... item five [Item five is a 5 point bi-polar statement: 1="Pilots of automated aircraft rely too heavily on the automatics", 3 = neutral, and 5="Pilots of automated aircraft don't rely enough on the automatics", average response = 2.34, rating=percentage of respondents : 1=16%, 2=44%, 3=31%, 4=8%, 5=1%] indicates the opinion that these pilots also rely too heavily on the automatics." (page 194-196)
    Issue: pilots may under-rely on automation (Issue #146) See Issue details
    Strength: +1
    Aircraft: unspecified
    Equipment: automation

  9.  
  10. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: "... item five [Item five is a 5 point bi-polar statement: 1="Pilots of automated aircraft rely too heavily on the automatics", 3 = neutral, and 5="Pilots of automated aircraft don't rely enough on the automatics", average response = 2.34, rating=percentage of respondents : 1=16%, 2=44%, 3=31%, 4=8%, 5=1%] indicates the opinion that these pilots also rely too heavily on the automatics." (page 194-196)
    Issue: pilots may over-rely on automation (Issue #106) See Issue details
    Strength: +1
    Aircraft: unspecified
    Equipment: automation

  11.  
  12. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: "The response to item seven [Item seven is a 5 point bi-polar statement: 1="Overall, automation increases pilot fatigue", 3 = neutral, and 5="Overall, automation reduces pilot fatigue", average response = 3.76, rating=percentage of respondents : 1=2%, 2=10%, 3=22%, 4=40%, 5=26%] ... reflects positively on automation, suggesting strongly that automation acts to reduce pilot fatigue." (page 194-195)
    Issue: fatigue may be induced (Issue #156) See Issue details
    Strength: +1
    Aircraft: unspecified
    Equipment: automation

  13.  
  14. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: Pilots responsed to the 5 point bi-polar survey item number 2, in which "Younger pilots are better able to cope with automated aircraft" is 1 and "Older pilots are better able to cope with automated aircraft" is 5. The following are the approximate percentages of the pilot responses to this 5 point bi-polar item: 10%=1, 48%=2, 35%=3, 6%=4, and 1%=5. (page 194)
    Issue: older pilots may be less accepting of automation (Issue #132) See Issue details
    Strength: -1
    Aircraft: unspecified
    Equipment: automation

  15.  
  16. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: "The results of item one [Item one is a 5 point bi-polar statement: 1="Pilots who fly advanced automated aircraft have enhanced flying skills", 3 = neutral, and 5="Pilots who fly advanced automated aircraft have degraded flying skills", average response = 3.71, rating=percentage of respondents : 1=1%, 2=3%, 3=35%, 4=45%, 5=16%] reveal a firm belief that pilots who fly automated aircraft have degraded flying skills" (page 194-196)
    Issue: manual skills may be lost (Issue #65) See Issue details
    Strength: -1
    Aircraft: unspecified
    Equipment: automation

  17.  
  18. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: "The response to item seven [Item seven is a 5 point bi-polar statement: 1="Overall, automation increases pilot fatigue", 3 = neutral, and 5="Overall, automation reduces pilot fatigue", average response = 3.76, rating=percentage of respondents : 1=2%, 2=10%, 3=22%, 4=40%, 5=26%] ... reflects positively on automation, suggesting strongly that automation acts to reduce pilot fatigue." (page 194-195)
    Issue: fatigue may be induced (Issue #156) See Issue details
    Strength: -3
    Aircraft: unspecified
    Equipment: automation
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