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Evidence from Resource 19 pieces of evidence from this resource.

Hutchins, E., Holder, B., & Hayward, M. (1999). Pilot Attitudes Toward Automation. Web published at http://hci.ucsd.edu/hutchins/attitudes/index.html.

  1.  
  2. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: From the survey data: "I always consult the flight mode annunciator to determine which mode the autopilot/flight director is in." On the scale in which 1= Strongly Disagree, 3=Neutral, 5=Strongly Agree, the mean pilot response was 3.61 and the standard deviation was 0.99. (page 21)
    Issue: mode awareness may be lacking (Issue #95) See Issue details
    Strength: +3
    Aircraft: B757 & B767
    Equipment: automation

  3.  
  4. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: From the survey data: "I spend more time setting up and managing the automation (CDU, FMS) than I would hand-flying or using a plain autopilot." On the scale in which 1= Strongly Disagree, 3=Neutral, 5=Strongly Agree, the mean pilot response was 3.17 and the standard deviation was 1.13. (page 21)
    Issue: automation may adversely affect pilot workload (Issue #79) See Issue details
    Strength: +2
    Aircraft: B757 & B767
    Equipment: automation

  5.  
  6. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: From the survey data: "In the automation of my current aircraft, there are still things that happen that surprise me." On the scale in which 1= Strongly Disagree, 3=Neutral, 5=Strongly Agree, the mean pilot response was 3.37 and the standard deviation was 1.04. (page 20)
    Issue: automation behavior may be unexpected and unexplained (Issue #108) See Issue details
    Strength: +2
    Aircraft: B757 & B767
    Equipment: automation

  7.  
  8. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: From the survey data: "Automation helps me stay ‘ahead of the airplane’." On the scale in which 1= Strongly Disagree, 3=Neutral, 5=Strongly Agree, the mean pilot response was 3.51 and the standard deviation was 0.96. (page 21)
    Issue: automation may adversely affect pilot workload (Issue #79) See Issue details
    Strength: +2
    Aircraft: B757
    Equipment: automation

  9.  
  10. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: From the survey data: "I am concerned about a possible loss of my flying skills with too much automation." On the scale in which 1= Strongly Disagree, 3=Neutral, 5=Strongly Agree, the mean pilot response was 3.43 and the standard deviation was 1.15. (page 20)
    Issue: manual skills may be lost (Issue #65) See Issue details
    Strength: +2
    Aircraft: B757 & B767
    Equipment: automation

  11.  
  12. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: From the survey data: "Automation does not reduce total workload, because there is more to monitor now." On the scale in which 1= Strongly Disagree, 3=Neutral, 5=Strongly Agree, the mean pilot response was 2.69 and the standard deviation was 1.11. (page 21)
    Issue: monitoring requirements may be excessive (Issue #5) See Issue details
    Strength: +1
    Aircraft: B757 & B767
    Equipment: automation

  13.  
  14. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: From the survey data: "Sometimes I feel more like a ‘button pusher’ then a pilot." On the scale in which 1= Strongly Disagree, 3=Neutral, 5=Strongly Agree, the mean pilot response was 2.67 and the standard deviation was 1.11. (page 21)
    Issue: job satisfaction may be reduced (Issue #13) See Issue details
    Strength: +1
    Aircraft: B757 & B767
    Equipment: automation

  15.  
  16. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: From the survey data: "Automation does not reduce total workload, because there is more to monitor now." On the scale in which 1= Strongly Disagree, 3=Neutral, 5=Strongly Agree, the mean pilot response was 2.69 and the standard deviation was 1.11. (page 21)
    Issue: automation may adversely affect pilot workload (Issue #79) See Issue details
    Strength: +1
    Aircraft: B757 & B767
    Equipment: automation

  17.  
  18. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: From the survey data: "There are still modes and features of the autoflight system that I don’t understand." On the scale in which 1= Strongly Disagree, 3=Neutral, 5=Strongly Agree, the mean pilot response was 2.48 and the standard deviation was 1.15. (page 21)
    Issue: understanding of automation may be inadequate (Issue #105) See Issue details
    Strength: 0
    Aircraft: B757 & B767
    Equipment: automation

  19.  
  20. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: From the survey data: "It is easier to bust an altitude in an automated airplane than in other planes." On the scale in which 1= Strongly Disagree, 3=Neutral, 5=Strongly Agree, the mean pilot response was 2.27 and the standard deviation was 2.67. (page 21)
    Issue: behavior of automation may not be apparent (Issue #83) See Issue details
    Strength: -1
    Aircraft: B757 & B767
    Equipment: automation

  21.  
  22. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: From the survey data: "It is easier to bust an altitude in an automated airplane than in other planes." On the scale in which 1= Strongly Disagree, 3=Neutral, 5=Strongly Agree, the mean pilot response was 2.27 and the standard deviation was 2.67. (page 21)
    Issue: situation awareness may be reduced (Issue #114) See Issue details
    Strength: -1
    Aircraft: B757 & B767
    Equipment: automation

  23.  
  24. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: From the survey data: "It is easier to bust an altitude in an automated airplane than in other planes." On the scale in which 1= Strongly Disagree, 3=Neutral, 5=Strongly Agree, the mean pilot response was 2.27 and the standard deviation was 2.67. (page 21)
    Issue: mode awareness may be lacking (Issue #95) See Issue details
    Strength: -1
    Aircraft: B757 & B767
    Equipment: automation

  25.  
  26. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: From the survey data: "I make fewer errors in the automated airplanes than I did in the older models." On the scale in which 1= Strongly Disagree, 3=Neutral, 5=Strongly Agree, the mean pilot response was 3.02 and the standard deviation was 0.97. (page 20)
    Issue: new tasks and errors may exist (Issue #89) See Issue details
    Strength: -1
    Aircraft: B757 & B767
    Equipment: automation

  27.  
  28. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: From the survey data: "I use the automation mainly because my company wants me to." On the scale in which 1= Strongly Disagree, 3=Neutral, 5=Strongly Agree, the mean pilot response was 2.38 and the standard deviation was 0.88. (page 20)
    Issue: company automation policies and procedures may be inappropriate or inadequate (Issue #166) See Issue details
    Strength: -1
    Aircraft: B757 & B767
    Equipment: automation

  29.  
  30. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: From the survey data: "Training for my current aircraft was as adequate as any training I have had." On the scale in which 1= Strongly Disagree, 3=Neutral, 5=Strongly Agree, the mean pilot response was 3.46 and the standard deviation was 1.13. (page 21)
    Issue: training may be inadequate (Issue #133) See Issue details
    Strength: -2
    Aircraft: B757 & B767
    Equipment: automation

  31.  
  32. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: From the survey data: "I use automation mainly because it helps me get the job done." On the scale in which 1= Strongly Disagree, 3=Neutral, 5=Strongly Agree, the mean pilot response was 3.84 and the standard deviation was 0.76. (page 21)
    Issue: company automation policies and procedures may be inappropriate or inadequate (Issue #166) See Issue details
    Strength: -3
    Aircraft: B757 & B767
    Equipment: automation

  33.  
  34. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: From the survey data: "Automation frees me of much of the routine, mechanical parts of flying so I can concentrate on 'managing' the flight." On the scale in which 1= Strongly Disagree, 3=Neutral, 5=Strongly Agree, the mean pilot response was 3.79 and the standard deviation was 0.91. (page 20)
    Issue: automation may adversely affect pilot workload (Issue #79) See Issue details
    Strength: -3
    Aircraft: B757 & B767
    Equipment: automation

  35.  
  36. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: From the survey data: "I always know what mode the autopilot/flight director is in." On the scale in which 1= Strongly Disagree, 3=Neutral, 5=Strongly Agree, the mean pilot response was 3.72 and the standard deviation was 0.98. (page 20)
    Issue: mode awareness may be lacking (Issue #95) See Issue details
    Strength: -3
    Aircraft: B757 & B767
    Equipment: autoflight: autopilot

  37.  
  38. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: From the survey data: "The automation in my current aircraft works great in today's ATC environment." On the scale in which 1= Strongly Disagree, 3=Neutral, 5=Strongly Agree, the mean pilot response was 3.62 and the standard deviation was 0.90. (page 20)
    Issue: flightdeck automation may be incompatible with ATC system (Issue #82) See Issue details
    Strength: -3
    Aircraft: B757 & B767
    Equipment: automation
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