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Source: Investigation Commission of Ministry of Transport - France (1989). Final report concerning the accident which occurred on June 26th 1988 at Mulhouse-Habsheim (68) to the Airbus A 320, registered F-GFKC. Ministry of Planning, Housing, Transport and Maritime Affairs.
Source Type:   Accident
Synopsis: "On the 26th of June 1988, the Air France Airbus A320 aircraft registered F-GFKC was to perform for Air Charter a series of flights with passengers on behalf of the Mulhouse flying club. For the first roundtrip flight from Basle-Mulhouse, the pilot in the left seat was the designated captain, and he had the controls. During taxiing, the captain explained in detail the program of the flyby to be made at Habsheim (first overflight at low speed, with landing gear and flaps extended, at a height of 100 ft., the overflight at high speed in clean configuration). The intention to make two overflights was transmitted to air traffic control by radio. The motorway was used as the first visual navigation landmark, then a track, parallel to the motorway, leading to the Habsheim aerodome. At 12:44, the aircraft left this level flight altitude and descended toward the aerodome, which was identified visually. The engines were throttled back. Flap and landing gear were extended at start of descent. The vertical speed during descent was 600 ft./min. The first officer informed the captain that the aircraft was reaching 100 ft. at 12:45.14 and simultaneously the radio altimeter emitted a "100 ft." message, the vertical speed still being 600 ft./min. The descent continued at a slightly lower rate down to 50 ft. above ground level (agl.), which was reached 8 sec. after passing through 100 ft. agl., then at a very low rate down to 30-35 ft. above the ground, the aircraft then remaining more or less in level flight. Throughout the whole descent and at the start of level flight made with engines set to flight idle, the aircraft decelerated and its pitch-up increased during the last 25 sec. of flight. The end of the descent and the level flight were made above Runway 34R. Between 12:45.34 and 12:45.35, the engine controls were set to initiate go-around (the acceleration of the engines can be seen on the flight data recorder at 12:45.35). The aircraft touched the trees shortly after the end of the runway at 12:45.40; at this time, engine speed was around 83% N1, the pitch altitude of the aircraft was 14°. The aircraft was totally destroyed by the successive impacts and the very violent fire which followed."
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