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About this Website » Phase 1 Final Report » Phase 1 Bibliography

Phase 1 Bibliography

The following documents were reviewed in Phase 1 of our study (see the Phase 1 Report). Those in which we found citations of automation problems or concerns are marked 'Contains P/Cs'.


A320 flap advisory. (1994, June 27). Aviation Week & Space Technology, 32. Contains P/Cs.

ATA Human Factors Task Force (1989). National plan to enhance aviation safety through human factors improvements. Washington: Air Transport Association of America. Contains P/Cs.

Aarons, R.N. (1991, August). Coming to grips with automation. Business & Commercial Aviation, 112. Contains P/Cs

Abbott, K.H. (1995). personal communication with Ken Funk, 23 August 1995. Contains P/Cs

Abbott, T.S. (1989, December). Task oriented display design: Concept and example (NASA TM 101685). Hampton, VA: Langley Research Center. Contains P/Cs

Abbott, T.S., & Rogers, W.H. (1993). Functional categories for humancentered flight deck design. Proceedings of the 12th AIAA/IEEE Digital Avionics Systems Conference (pp. 6674). New York: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. Contains P/Cs

Adams J.A. (1989). Human factors engineering. New York: Macmillan.

Airbus may add to A320 safeguards, act to counter crew's overconfidence. April 30, 1990. Aviation Week & Space Technology, 59.

Air Transport Association of America (1989 April). National plan to enhance aviation safety through human factors improvements. Washington: Air Transport Association of America. Contains P/Cs

Aircraft Accident Investigation Committee (1992, July 31). Report on accident of Thai Airways international A310 flight TG 311 (HSTID) on 31 July 1992. Nepal: Aircraft Accident Investigation Committee, Her Majesty's Government of Nepal. Contains P/Cs

Aircraft Accident Investigation Committee (1993, July 21) Aircraft accident report : Lauda Air Boeing 767300 : Suphan Buri Province, Thailand. Thailand: Ministry of Transport and Communications. Contains P/Cs

Alkov, R.A. (1988). Complacency revisited. BAS, 18-22.

Andre, A.D., Heers, S.T., McCann, R.S., Cashion, P.A. (1993). Preview and practice effects on scheduling behavior in a simulated flight task. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 37th Annual Meeting 1993, (pp. 132136).

Avionics companies keep pilots in mind in developing computerized systems. (1992, March 23). Aviation Week & Space Technology, 6566.

Bainbridge, L. (1987). Ironies of automation. In J. Rasmussen, K. Duncan, and J. Leplat (Eds), New Technology and Human Error (pp. 271-283). New York: John Wiley & Sons. Contains P/Cs

Battelle. (1993, September 19). Conceptual and information structure: A comparison of the Boeing 757/767, A320 and universal flight management systems (Rep. Id. DOT/FAA/RD93/ DOTVNTSCFAA93). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration. Contains P/Cs

Belotti, J. & Venet, M. (1994, December 23). Judicial expertise conclusions [concerning the accident on 20 Jan 92 near Mont SainteOdile, France, Airbus A320, FGGED] (pp. 696704). Unpublished. Contains P/Cs

Berestov, L.M., Boris, S.Y., Gorin, V.V., & Rogozin, V.V. (1989, December). Role of human factors widening in new aircraft design. ICAO Bulletin, 2124.

Beringer, D.B., & Allen, R.C. Encoding altitude and rate information in cockpit displays of traffic information: Color my world, (pp. 103 107). Contains P/Cs

Billings, C.E. (1991a). Humancentered aircraft automation: A concept and guidelines (NASA TM 103885). Moffett Field, CA: NASA Ames Research Center. Contains P/Cs.

Billings C.E. (1991b). Toward a humancentered aircraft automation philosophy. International Journal of Aviation Psychology, 1(4), 261270. Contains P/Cs

Billings, C.E. (1994, October). Principles of humancentered aviation automation: A concept and guidelines. To be published as a NASA Technical Memorandum. Contains P/Cs

Billings, C.E., & Reynard, W.D. (1984, October). Human factors in aircraft incidents: results of a 7 year study. Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine, 960965. Contains P/Cs

Billings, C.E., & Woods, D.D. (1994). Concerns about adaptive automation in aviation systems. In M. Mouloua, & R. Parasuraman (Eds.), Human performance in automated systems: Current research and trends (pp. 264-269). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Contains P/Cs

Blanchard, R.E. (1993). Situation awareness Transition from theory to practice. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 37th Annual Meeting, 3942.

BoehmDavis, D.A., Curry, R.E., Wiener, E.L., & Harrison, R.L. (1983). Human factors of flight deck automation: Report on a NASA industry workshop. Ergonomics, 26(10), 953961. Contains P/Cs

Boeing Commercial Airplane Group. (1993, October). Accident prevention strategies "Removing links in the accident chain" (Boeing Id. No. 1-41). Boeing Commercial Airplane Group.

Boeing mystified over 'violent' 747 stall. (1994, June 29July 5). Flight International, 9. Contains P/Cs

Braune, R.J., Infield, S.E., Harper, P.M., & Alter, K.W. (1993). Humancentered requirements for advanced commercial transport flight decks. In R.S. Jensen, & D. Neumeister (Eds.), Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium on Aviation Psychology (pp. 8892). Columbus, OH: The Ohio State University Department of Aviation. Contains P/Cs

British officials probe role of electronic cockpit instrumentation in Midland crash. (1989, March 27). Aviation Week & Space Technology, 33. Contains P/Cs

Bureau of Air Safety Investigation. (1994, April). Advanced technology aircraft project phase 1 (BASI Publication No. SAB/IP/9401, RP/91/04). Canberra: Bureau of Air Safety Investigation. Contains P/Cs

Cabin crew evacuated A320 passengers until smoke, flames became too intense. (1990, June 25). Aviation Week & Space Technology, 9899.

Caesar, H. (1990). 30 years of jet losses Conclusions regarding human factors research. Human Factors Digest #4: Circular 229AN/137. Leningrad: International Civil Aviation Organization.

Carley, W.M. (1993, April 26). Mystery in the skyjet's nearcrash shows 747's may be at risk of autopilot failure. Wall Street Journal. Contains P/Cs

Carmody, M.A., & Gluckman, J.P. (1993). Task specific effects of automation and automation failure on performance, workload and situatonal awareness. In R.S. Jensen, & D. Neumeister (Eds), Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium on Aviation Psychology (pp. 167-171). Columbus, OH: The Ohio State University Department of Aviation. Contains P/Cs

Chambers, A.B., & Nagel, D.C. (1985, November). Pilots of the future: human or computer?. Computer, 7487. Contains P/Cs

Chandra, D., & Weintraub, D.J. (undated). Design of headup display symbology for recovery from unusual attitudes (pp. 5863).

Chandra, D., Bussolari, S.R., & Hansman, R.J. (undated). A comparison of communication modes for delivery of aircraft traffic control clearance amendments in transport category aircraft. Cambridge, MA: Massachussets Institute of Technology, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics. Contains P/Cs

Cole, J. (1994, July 8). Boeing wants new jet to bypass usual trials and fly ocean routes. Wall Street Journal, A1, A4.

Coleman, B. (1992, February 25). French minister calls for study of Airbus A320. Wall Street Journal. Contains P/Cs

Commission finds flight preparations not in accordance with Air France rules. (1990, July 23). Aviation Week & Space Technology, 9093. Contains P/Cs

Commission proposes more preparation, special training for airshow flyovers. (1990, July 30). Aviation Week & Space Technology, 9093. Contains P/Cs

Cook, Richard I., Woods, & David D. Operating at the sharp end: the complexity of human error. In Bogner, M.S. (Ed), Human Error in Medicine. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Contains P/Cs

Costley, J., Johnson, D., & Lawson, D. (undated). A comparison of cockpit communication B737 B757. St.Ives, Cambridgeshire, Great Britain.

Crandall criticizes McDonnell Douglas, unspecified problems with MD11 transport. (1991, February 25). Aviation Week & Space Technology, 29. Contains P/Cs

Crash likely to focus new attention on need for pilot interface on advanced transports. (1992, February 3). Aviation Week & Space Technology, 29. Contains P/Cs

Curry, R.E. (1985, May). The introduction of new cockpit technology: A human factors study (NASA TM 86659). Moffet Field, CA: NASA Ames Research Center. Contains P/Cs.

Degani, A., & Wiener, E.L. (1990, May). Human factors of flightdeck checklists: The normal checklist (NASA CR 177549). Moffett Field, CA: NASA Ames Research Center.

Degani, A., & Wiener, E.L. (1991, April 29). Philosophy, policies and procedures: The three P's of flightdeck operations. Preceedings of The Sixth International Symposium on Aviation Psychology.

Degani, A., & Wiener, E.L. (1993, June). Cockpit checklists: Concepts, design and use. Human Factors, 35(2), 345.

Dorighi, N.S., Ellis, S.R., & Grunwald, A.J. (1993). Perspective format for a primary flight display (ADI) and its effect on pilot spatial awareness. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society37th Annual Meeting, 88.

Dornheim, M.A. (1991, February 11). 737Metro crash raises controller workload issues. Aviation Week & Space Technology, 134, 27.

Dornheim, M.A. (1991, April 8). L.A. tower tapes show controller unaware of aircraft holding on runway. Aviation Week & Space Technology, 134, 61.

Edited transcript of conference held 16Feb94 on automated airline cockpits. (1994 February, 16). CompuServe Forum on Automated Airline Cockpits. Contains P/Cs

Edwards, R.E., Tolin, P., & Jonsen, G.L. (1982). Pilot visual behavior as a function of navigation and flight control modes in the Boeing 757/767. Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 26th Annual Meeting, 441.

Eldredge, D., Mangold, S., Dodd, R.S. (1992, February). A review and discussion of flight management system incidents reported to the aviation safety reporting system (Final Report DOT/FAA/RD92/2). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Transportstion Federal Aviation Administration. Contains P/Cs

Endsley, M.R. (Undated) Situation awareness and workload: flip sides of the same coin, (p. 906) Texas Tech University.

Endsley, M.and Kiris, E. O. (1994). The outoftheloop performance problem: impact of level of automation and situation awareness. In M. Mouloua & R. Parasuraman (Eds.), Human Performance in Automated Systems: Current Research and Trends (pp. 5056). NJ: Erlbaum. Contains P/Cs

Engine shutdown prompts FAA directive. (1987, July 6). Aviation Week & Space Technology, 36. Contains P/Cs

Federal Aviation Administration. (1990, October 2). Advanced qualification program, amendment 14CFR121219 (Amendment No. 14CFR121-219). Washington, D.C.: Author. Contains P/Cs

Flight recorders detail A320's engine, control settings for air show flyby. (1990, June 11). Aviation Week & Space Technology, 78-79.

FlightSafety International. (1993, December). Automation management instructor guide. Hurst, TX: FlightSafety International Instructional Systems Division. Contains P/Cs

French report details 1988 crash of A320 following air show flyby. (1990, June 4). Aviation Week & Space Technology, 107108.

Funk, K., Sukhia, C., & Riley, V. (1995). FAIT analysis of a generic thrust management system. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University, Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering. Contains P/Cs

Gaines, M. (1990, May 23). An inevitable incident. Flight International.

Graeber, R.C., Rosekind, M.R., Connell, L.J., & Dinges, D.F. (1990, October). Cockpit napping. ICAO Journal, 610.

Great expectations. (1994, August 1723). Flight International, 5. Contains P/Cs

Hackman, R.J. (1989, April). Resource management training and cockpit crew coordination.

Hammer, J.M. (1994, May 23). Pilotcentered design of the realtime aspects of associate systems.

Hardy, S.M. (1993, December). Raising the cockpit's IQ. Journal of Electronic Defense, 5156.

Harris, R.L., & Glover, B.J. (1985, November). Effects of digital altimetry on pilot workload ( NASA TM 86424). NASA.

Hart, S. (undated). Workload: A new perspective. Moffett Field, CA: NASA Ames Research Center. Contains P/Cs

Hart, S. (1989, April). Crew workload management strategies: a critical factor in system performance. In R.S. Jensen (Ed.), Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, Columbus, OH. Contains P/Cs

Henderson, B.W. (1990, July 9). Study finds inflight rest periods are beneficial to pilots on longhaul flights. Aviation week & Space Technology, 5961.

Henderson, B.W. (1992, March 23). NASA Ames pushes toward humancentered design. Aviation Week & Space Technology, 6970. Contains P/Cs

Hofer, E.F., Palen, L.A., & Possolo, A. Flight deck information management: An experimental study of functional integration of approach data. Boeing Commercial Airplane Group, Boeing Computer services, 119.

Hopkins, H. (1992, June 39). Through the looking glass. Flight International, 2730. Contains P/Cs

Hopkins, H. (1993, October 13). Family flying. Flight International, 4953. Contains P/Cs

Hughes, D. (1989, August 7). Glass cockpit study reveals human factors problems. Aviation Week & Space Technology, 3234. Contains P/Cs

Hughes, D. (1990, April 30). CRM value demonstrated, but research lags behind glass cockpit technology. Aviation Week & Space Technology, 67. Contains P/Cs

Hughes, D. (1992, March 23). Automated cockpits: Keeping pilots in the loop Pilots, research studies give mixed reviews to glass cockpits. Avaition Week & Space Technology, 5051. Contains P/Cs

Hughes, D. (1992, March 23). Automated cockpits: Keeping pilots in the loop Pilots support 767 automated cockpit, but cite mismatch with ATC system. Aviation Week & Space Technology, 5255. Contains P/Cs

Human factors research aids glass cockpit design effort. (1989, August 7). Aviation Week & Space Technology, 3436. Contains P/Cs

If computers crash. (1988, July 2). The Economist, p. 61.

International Air Transport Association. (1994, April). Aircraft automation. Montreal, Quebec: Author. Contains P/Cs

International Civil Aviation Organization. (1992). Human Factors Digest No. 5: Operational implications of automation in advanced technology flight decks (ICAO Circular No. 234AN/142). Montreal: Author. Contains P/Cs

International Civil Aviation Organization. (1993, September). Conclusions from report on CFIT accident near Kathmandu. ICAO Journal, 23-26. Montreal: Author. Contains P/Cs

Investigation Commission. (1989, November 29). FINAL REPORT concerning the accident which occurred on June 26th 1988 at MulhouseHabsheim (68) to the Airbus A320, registered FGFKC. France: Ministry of Planning, Housing, Transport and Maritime Affairs. p. 209.

Johannsen, G., & Rouse, W.B. (1983). Studies of planning behavior of aircraft pilots in normal, abnormal and emergency situations. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, 1(3), 267278.

Kantowitz, B. (1994). Pilot workload and flight deck automation. In M. Mouloua & R. Parasuraman (Eds.), Human performance in automated systems: Current (pp. 212223). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Contains P/Cs

Last, S., & Alder, M. (1991). British Airways Airbus A320 pilots' autothrust survey (IFALPA ReferenceNo. ADO/12/3/4, SRS/SJS). International Federation of Airline Pilots Associations. Contains P/Cs

Learmount, D. (1981, January 23). Flight safety: 1980 reviewed. Flight International, 228241. Contains P/Cs

Learmount, D. (1982, January 23). Commercial flight safety: 1981 reviewed. Flight International, 183186. Contains P/Cs

Learmount, D. (1983, January 22). Airline flight safety: 1982 reviewed. Flight International, 205208.

Learmount, D. (1984, January 28). Airline flight safety: 1983 reviewed. Flight International, 284288.

Learmount, D. (1985, January 26). Commercial flight safety: 1984 reviewed. Flight International, 3542.

Learmount, D. (1986, January 24). 1986: Safe but for terrorism. Flight International, 3741.

Learmount, D. (1986, January 25). 1985: A turning point for safety?. Flight International, 2732.

Learmount, D. (1987, January 30). 1987: The threat to a billion. Flight International, 3539.

Learmount, D. (1989, January 21). 1988: Bad for schedules. Flight International, 4957.

Learmount, D. (1990, January 17). The complacent year Safety 1989. Flight International, 4246.

Learmount, D. (1991, January 16). Safety in riches. Flight International, 3338. Contains P/Cs

Learmount, D. (1991, March 10). UK AAIB slams 737400 displays. Flight International, 612. Contains P/Cs

Learmount, D. (1992, January 29). Airline safety review: 1991. Flight International, 2126. Contains P/Cs

Learmount, D. (1992, February 19). New VOR antenna will solve A320 problem. Flight International.

Learmount, D. (1993, January 27). Not under control. Flight International, 2732.

Learmount, D. (1993, July 28). Virtual landings. Flight International, 4042.

Learmount, D. (1993, October 27). The limiting factor. Flight International, 4041.

Learmount, D. (1994, January 19). Weather or not. Flight International, 4148. Contains P/Cs

Learmount, D. (1994, July 20). Safety curtain. Flight International, 3033. Contains P/Cs

Learmount, D. (1994, August 10-16). A330 crash caused by series of small errors. Flight International, 6. Contains P/Cs

Learmount, D. (1995, January 11-17). Lessons from the cockpit. Flight International, 2427. Contains P/Cs

Learmount, D. (1995, January 18-24). Expensive mistakes: Airline safety review 1994. Flight International, 3342. Contains P/Cs

Lenorovitz, J.M. (1992, January 27). French investigators seek cause of rapid descent. Aviation Week & Space Technology, 3233. Contains P/Cs

Lenorovitz, J.M. (1992, February 3). Confusion over flight mode may have role in A320 crash. Aviation Week & Space Technology, 2930. Contains P/Cs

Lenorovitz, J.M. (1992, February 10). Airbus stresses cockpit management, coordination in transition training. Aviation Week & Space Technology, 2930. Contains P/Cs

Lenorovitz, J.M. (1992, March 2). French government seeks A320 changes following Air Inter crash report. Aviation Week & Space Technology, 3031. Contains P/Cs

Main Commission Aircraft Accident Investigation. (1994, March). Report on the accident to Airbus A320-211 aircraft in Warsaw on 14 September 1993. Warsaw: Author.

Malfunction in jetliners bewilders Boeing. (1993, October 8). Corvallis (Oregon) GazetteTimes. Contains P/Cs

McClellan, J. Mac. (1994, June). Can you trust your autopilot?. Flying, 7783. Contains P/Cs

McClumpha, A., Green, R., Wilson, P., & Belyavin, A. (1991). Pilot attitudes to cockpit automation. In R.S. Jensen (Ed.), Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium of Aviation Psychology (192-198). Columbus, OH: The Ohio State University, Department of Aviation. Contains P/Cs

McDonnell Douglas tests MD11 on trips to far east and england. (1990, November 5). Aviation Week & Space Technology, 28.

McKenna, James T. (1989, October 2). Investigators assess role of apparent pilot errors in crash of USAir 737400. Aviation Week & Space technology, 3233. Contains P/Cs

MD11 dive revives seatbelts debate. (1994, July 13-19). Flight International, 10. Contains P/Cs

Mecham, M. (1994, May 9). Autopilot goaround key to CAL crash. Aviation Week & Space Technology, 3132. Contains P/Cs

Mellor, P. (1994). CAD: Computeraided disaster!. Unpublished manuscript. London: City University, Centre for Software Reliability. Contains P/Cs

Mellor, P. (1995, February 21). Computer related factors in incident to A320 GKMAM, Gatwick, 26 Aug. 1993. personal communication, 128. Contains P/Cs

Ministere de l'Equipement, des Transports et du Tourisme. (1993, November 26). Rapport de la Commission d'Enquête sur l'Accident survenu le 20 Janvier 1992 près du Mont Saite Odile (Bas Rhin) à l’Airbus A320 Immatriculé FGGED Exploité par lay Compagnie Air Inter. official English translation. Ministere de l'Equipement, des Transports et du Tourisme. Contains P/Cs

Ministry of Civil Aviation; Government of India. (1990, February). Report on accident to indian airlines airbus A320 Aircraft VTEPN at Bangalore on 14th Feb., 1990 (p. 581). Ministry of Civil Aviation, Government of India.

Morrow, D., & Michelle, R. (1993). The influence of ATC message length and timing on pilot communication (NASA CR 177621). Moffet Field, CA: NASA Ames Research Center.

Mosier, K. (1993, October 13). Who (or what) is doing the managing in resource management ?. In a presentation at the 37th Annual Meeting of the Human Factors Ergonomics Society, Seattle, WA. Contains P/Cs

NASA, Aviation Safety Reporting System. (1992). A320 type reports (search request) (NASA ASRS No. 2444). Mountain View, CA: Author. Contains P/Cs

NASA, Office of Aeronautics and Space Technology. (1988). Aviation safety automation: A Plan for the research initiative. Author. Contains P/Cs

National Transportation Safety Board. (1973). Eastern Airlines L1011, Miami, FL, 12/29/72 (NTSB Rep. No. AAR7314). Washington: Author. Contains P/Cs

National Transportation Safety Board. (1973, May 2). Aircraft accident report, Trans World Airlines, Incorporated, Boeing 707331C, N788TW, John F. Kennedy International Airport, Jamacia, New York, December 12, 1972 (pp. 1-11). National Technical Information Service.

National Transportation Safety Board. (1980). Aeromexico DC1030 over Luxembourg, 11/11/79 (NTSB Rep. No. AAR8010). Washington: Author.

National Transportation Safety Board. (1982, January 23). Aircraft accident report: World Airways, Inc. Flight 30H McDonnell Douglas DC103CF, N113WA, BostonLogan International Airport, Boston, Massachusetts, January 23, 1982 (pp. 1108). United States Government.

National Transportation Safety Board. (1984). Scandinavian Airlines DC1030, J.F.K Airport, New York, 2/2/84 (NTSB Rep. No. AAR8415). Washington: Author. Contains P/Cs

National Transportation Safety Board. (1986). China Airlines B747SP, 300 NM Northwest of San Francisco, CA, 2/19/85 (NTSB Rep. No. AAR86/03). Washington: Author. Contains P/Cs

National Transportation Safety Board. (1988, May 10). Northwest Airlines, Inc. McDonnell Douglas DC982, N312RC, Detroit Meteropolitan Wayne County Airport, Romulus, Michigan, August 16, 1987 (NTSB Rep. No. AAR88/05). Washington: Author. Contains P/Cs

National Transportation Safety Board. (1993, April 6). Aircraft accident report: Inadvertent inflight deployment, China Eastern Airlines Flight 583, McDonnell Douglas MD11, B2171, 950 nautical miles south of Shemya, Alaska, April 6, 1993 (pp. 1-64). National Technical Information Service.

Neumann, P.G. (1995). Computer related risks. New York: ACM Press. Contains P/Cs

New CAL 140 transcript. (1994, May 23). Aviation Week & Space Technology, 32. Contains P/Cs

Norman, D.A. (1990a). Cognitive science in the cockpit. San Diego: University of California, San Diego, Department of Cognitive Science. Contains P/Cs

Norman, D.A. (1990b). The 'problem' with automation: Inappropriate feedback and interaction, not 'overautomation' (pp. 137-145). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, B 327. Contains P/Cs

Norman, S.D., & Orlady, H.W. (1988). Flightdeck automation: Promises and realities. Final report of a NASA/FAA industry workshop. Moffet Field, CA: NASA Ames Research Center. Contains P/Cs

North, D.M. (1992, March 23). Airbus pilot training center stresses task sharing, good communications as key to flying advanced aircraft. Aviation Week & Space Technology, 6364.

O'Lone, R.G. (1991, March 18). Airframe makers foresee continuing strong market. Aviation Week & Space Technology, 7782.

O'Lone, R.G. (1992, March 23). Boeing works to keep pilot in decision loop on board advanced 777. Aviation Week & Space Technology, 61. Contains P/Cs

Orlady, H.W. (undated). Advanced cockpit technology and the pilot. Los Gatos, CA: Orlady Associates. Contains P/Cs

Orlady, H.W. (1989, October). Advanced Technology Aircraft Safety Issues. Battelle ASRS Office Unpublished Report. Mountain View, CA: Battelle ASRS Office.

Orlady, H.W., & Wheeler, W.A. (1989). Training for advanced cockpit technology aircraft (pp. 1-6). Moffett Field, CA: NASA Aviation Safety Reporting System. Contains P/Cs.

Palmer, E.A., Hutchins, E.L., Ritter, R.D., & VanCleemput, I. (1993). Altitude deviations: breakdown of an errortolerant system (NASA TM 108788). Moffet Field, CA: NASA Ames Research Center. Contains P/Cs.

Palmer, M.T., Jonsson, J.E., Boucek, G.P., & Scanlon, C.H. (1993, July 30). Evaluation of weather avoidance decison making.

Paries, J. (1994, July/August). Investigation probed root causes of CFIT accident involving a newgeneration transport. ICAO Journal, 3741. Contains P/Cs

Person, L.H. (1987). The influence of advanced technology on situation awareness in transport aircraft. Proceedings of the 40th Annual International Air Safety Seminar, Tokyo, Japan, 220 231.

Person, L.H. (1989). Adaptability to change Preparing for application of new flightdeck technology in transport aircraft (pp. 126-134). Proceedings of the 42nd International Air Safety Seminar, Athens, Greece, Nov 69, 1989. Flight Safety Foundation. Contains P/Cs

Phillips, E.H. (1992, March 23, 1992). Pilots, human factors specialists urge better manmachine cockpit interface. Aviation Week & Space Technology, 67 68. Contains P/Cs

Phillips, E.H. (1993, November 8). Wing slat control cited in Chinese MD11 accident. Aviation Week & Space technology, 3738. Contains P/Cs

Phillips, E.H. (1993, December 6). Upgraded data link may cut fuel and rerouting costs. Aviation Week & Space Technology, 3940.

Phillips, Edward H. (1994, August 29) 1994. Focus on accident prevention key to future airline safety. Aviation Week and Space Technology, 52-53.

Phillips, E.H. (1994, October 24). FAA to study human factors. Aviation Week & Space Technology, 20. Contains P/Cs

Phillips, E. H. (1994, November 14). ATR 42/72 review focuses on icing. Aviation Week & Space Technology, 2829. Contains P/Cs

Phillips, E. H. (1994, December 19). NTSB links detectiondelay feature with DC9 crash. Aviation Week & Space Technology, 30. Contains P/Cs

Poduval, A. (1989). Training the glass cockpit manager (pp. 167-176). Proceedings of the 42nd Annual IASS International Air Safety Seminar, Athens, Greece. Flight Safety Foundation.

Postcrash fire destroyed A320 following plunge through trees. (1990, June 18). Aviation Week & Space Technology, 99100.

Preble, C. (1987, July 20). Delta Air Lines officials baffled by series of unrelated mishaps. Aviation Week & Space Technology, 3132.

Price, H.E. (1990). Conceptual system design and the human role. In H.R. Booher (Ed.), Manprint: An Approach to Systems Integration (pp. 161203). New York: Von Nostrand Reinhold. Contains P/Cs

Pritchett, A., & Johnson, E. (1994). Vertical flight path mode awareness experimental study. Unpublished paper presented at the Training for Automation Workshop, NASA Ames Research Center, 2425 Aug 1994. Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics. Contains P/Cs

Procedures alert issued to A300/A310 operators. (1994, Nov. 8). Flight International, 4. Contains P/Cs

Proctor, P. (1994, June 6). Airline outlook. Aviation Week & Space Technology, 19. Contains P/Cs

Reinhart, R.O. (1994, July). What's it doing now?. Business & Commercial Aviation, 7275. Contains P/Cs

Riley, V. (Undated). Human factors issues and certification recommendations for flight management functions. Minneapolis: Honeywell Technology Center. Contains P/Cs

Riley, V.A. (1989). FAIT: A systematic methodology for identifying system design issues and tradeoffs. Proceedings of the 1989 IEEE international conference on systems, man, and cybernetics (pp. 1036-1038). Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.

Riley, V.A. (1994, May). Human use of automation. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Minnesota, Department of Psychology. Contains P/Cs

Riley, V. (1995). personal communication with Ken Funk, 19 May 1995. Contains P/Cs.

Roscoe, A.H. (1989). Flightdeck automation and pilot workload. In A. Coblentz (Ed.), Vigilance and Performance in Automized Systems (pp. 111-122). Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Roscoe, A.H. (1989). Pilot workload and automation. Proceedings of the 42nd IASS International Air Safety Seminar, Athens, Greece (pp.38-49). Flight Safety Foundation.

Roscoe, A.H. (1990). An operator's human factors considerations (ICAO Circular No. 229AN/137). Montreal: International Civil Aviation Organization. Contains P/Cs

Roscoe, A.H. (1992, April). Workload in the glass cockpit. Flight Safety Digest, 18. Contains P/Cs

Ruegger, B. (1990). Human error in the cockpit. Zurich, Switzerland: Swiss Reinsurance Company, Aviation Department.

Sarter, N.B. (1991). The Flight Management System Pilots' interaction with cockpit automation. Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (pp. 1307-1310). New York: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. Contains P/Cs

Sarter, N.B., & Woods, D.D. (1991). Situation awareness:A critical but illdefined phenomenon. The International Journal of Aviation Psychology 1(1), 4557. Contains P/Cs

Sarter, N.B., & Woods, D.D. (1992). Pilot interaction with cockpit automation: Operational experiences with the Flight Management System. International Journal of Aviation Psychology 2(4), 303321. Contains P/Cs

Sarter, N.B., & Woods, D.D. (1994a). Decomposing automation: Autonomy, authority, observability and perceived animacy. In M. Mouloua, & R. Parasuraman (Eds.), Human Performance in Automated Systems: Current Research and Trends (pp. 2227). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Contains P/Cs

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