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Evidence for an Issue 4 pieces of evidence for this issue.

manual skills may not be acquired (Issue #7) - Low-time pilots assigned to advanced technology aircraft may not acquire manual flying skills, which are still required.

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  2. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: 18 of the 30 (60%) respondents reported a 4 (= agree) or 5 (= strongly agree) with pc7 manual skills may not be acquired
    Strength: +3
    Aircraft: unspecified
    Equipment: automation
    Source: Lyall, E., Niemczyk, M. & Lyall, R. (1996). Evidence for flightdeck automation problems: A survey of experts. See Resource details

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  4. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: 3 of the 30 (10%) respondents reported a 1 (=strongly disagree) or a 2 (=disagree) with pc7 manual skills may not be acquired
    Strength: -1
    Aircraft: unspecified
    Equipment: automation
    Source: Lyall, E., Niemczyk, M. & Lyall, R. (1996). Evidence for flightdeck automation problems: A survey of experts. See Resource details

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  6. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: "One captain we interviewed ... explained that the maintenance of manual skills had indeed been a problem until his airline had moderated its policy regarding maximum use of the automatics. He said it is still a problem for low-time pilots, but in this case the problem is in the initial development of skills - not in the maintenance of skills that have already been developed. He said further, 'It's not their fault, but many of the new copilots have never had a chance to learn these skills and they don't have enough opportunity to practice.'" (page 4)
    Strength: +1
    Aircraft: unspecified
    Equipment: automation
    Source: Orlady, H.W. & Wheeler, W.A. (1989). Training for Advanced Cockpit Technology Aircraft. Moffett Field, CA: NASA Aviation Safety Reporting System. See Resource details

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  8. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: "Experienced pilots maintain that training pressures may not allow the development of basic piloting skills and also note that inexperienced pilots appear less aware of such flight fundamentals as airspeed, altitudes, and naviagation." (page 8)
    Strength: +1
    Aircraft: unspecified
    Equipment: automation
    Source: Rudisill, M. (1995). Line Pilots' Attitudes About and Experience With Flight Deck Automation: Results of an International Survey and Proposed Guidelines. In R.S. Jensen, & L.A. Rakovan (Eds.), Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, Columbus, Ohio, April 24-27, 1995, 288-293. Columbus, OH: The Ohio State University. See Resource details
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