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Evidence for an Issue 2 pieces of evidence for this issue.

cultural differences may not be considered (Issue #165) - Cultural differences may not be adequately considered in automation design, training, certification, and operations. If they are not considered, they may have resulting effects on performance and how automation is used.

  2. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Survey
    Evidence: 18 of the 30 (60%) respondents reported a 4 (= agree) or 5 (= strongly agree) with pc165 cultural differences may not be considered
    Strength: +3
    Aircraft: unspecified
    Equipment: automation
    Source: Lyall, E., Niemczyk, M. & Lyall, R. (1996). Evidence for flightdeck automation problems: A survey of experts. See Resource details

  4. Evidence Type: Excerpt from Accident Report
    Evidence: "To summarize the results: The average difference in endorsement levels across 11 items for pilots flying automated aircraft in 12 nations was 53%; for pilots flying standard and pilots flying automated aircraft within each of eight nations, it was 9%; and for pilots flying for different airlines within the same national culture, it was 14%. These results clearly implicate national culture as an important influence in attitudes toward automation." (page 323)
    Strength: +1
    Aircraft: various
    Equipment: automation
    Source: Strauch, B. (1997). Automation and decision making -- lessons from the Cali accident. In Proceedings of the 41st Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 195-199. See Resource details
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