Cell Detail for Mean Criticality versus Agreement Ratings Matrix

Probable problem (right skew)
4.0 to 4.249
  • Low-time pilots assigned to advanced technology aircraft may not acquire manual flying skills, which are still required. (pc7)
  • Pilots are reluctant to assume control from automation. When automation may be malfunctioning, this could lead to unsafe conditions. (pc26)
  • Automation presents little or no feedback, or the feedback is inappropriate or misleading. As a result, pilots may be unaware of the mode (state) and behavior of the automation. (pc51)
  • In some situations flight control is difficult after transition from automated to manual flight. (pc55)
  • Automation increases pilot workload at high workload times and reduces pilot workload at low workload times, resulting in excess workload and boredom. (pc79)
  • Pilots accept or approve automation recommendations and actions without critical, resulting in errors. (pc90)
  • Automation design is not guided by a philosophy that gives adequate attention to the proper role and function of the human and to human capabilities and limitations. This compromises system effectiveness and safety. (pc100)
  • Pilots' understanding of automation is inadequate for the performance of their duties. (pc105)
  • Automation performs in ways that are unacceptable, unexpected, and unexplainable by pilots, creating confusion, increasing pilot workload to compensate, and sometimes leading to unsafe conditions. (pc108)
  • Training and checking requirements do not necessarily take into account new flightdeck automation capabilities and, as some pilots do not get the necessary training, they lack necessary knowledge and skills. (pc113)
  • Reliance on automation reduces pilots' awareness of the present and projected state of the aircraft and its environment, resulting in incorrect decisions and actions. (pc114)
  • The fundamental reasons for the increasing use of automation are to decrease the cost of flight operations. If these considerations receive excessive emphasis in the aircraft design process, safety may be compromised. (pc127)
  • Pilots inadvertently select the wrong automation mode for unknown reasons, causing the automation to behave in ways different than intended or expected. (pc145)



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